CHAPSO is the hydroxy analog of CHAPS; a nondenaturing zwitterionic detergent for solubilizing proteins, especially integral membrane proteins while maintaining the functional capability of the protein of interest. It has a more polar head group than CHAPS, giving it a greater solubility. CHAPSO has a high CMC (8 mM) and does not denature membrane-bound proteins. It can solubilize the opiate receptor in a state exhibiting reversible binding of opiates.
Potassium Phosphate, Monobasic
Potassium phosphate is a reagent with high buffering capacity. It occurs in several forms: monobasic, dibasic, and tribasic (K3PO4). Most pH neutral potassium phosphate buffer solutions consist of mixtures of the monobasic and dibasic forms to varying degrees, depending on the desired pH.
Potassium Phosphate Dibasic
Potassium phosphate is a reagent with high buffering capacity. It occurs in several forms: monobasic, dibasic and tribasic. Most pH neutral potassium phosphate buffer solutions consist of mixtures of the monobasic and dibasic forms to varying degrees, depending on the desired pH.
Choline chloride is an organic compound and a quaternary ammonium salt. It is a weak acid. Choline chloride is the salt of the naturally occurring choline, the pre-stage of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is important for mnemonic and thought-processes. Choline occurs naturally in fungi, hop and kingcups and as integral part of lecithin. Choline chloride is a common food additive in animal husbandry
Guanidine hydrochloride consists of a networkof guanidinium cations and chloride anions linked by N–H•••Cl hydrogen bonds,it is a strong chaotropic agent. Guanidine HCl may agglomerate upon storage. It may appear as a free-flowing crystalline powder, a free flowing powder with solid material dispersed throughout, or a solid. The quality of the product does not appear to be affected and solutions prepared from the free-flowing and lumpy guanidine HCl appear identical.